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These Are the Skin Changes Related to Diabetes and How to Treat Them

Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disease caused by the partial or absolute deficit of insulin, the enzyme in charge of controlling the glucose blood levels. Not only will it affect the glucose blood level, but it can also affect the kidneys, eyes, healing process, and even the skin. Hence if you suffer from this condition, you must pay extra care to your skin. 

Here we will go through some of the skin changes you can observe in people with diabetes mellitus:

  • Dryness

    Diabetes can alter the nervous impulse; therefore, some functions like sweating and sebum production can be modified. 

  • Wounds that “never” heal

    Alterations in the blood flow mostly cause it. The healing process will be altered; hence the healing will take weeks or months instead of hours or days. 

  • Pigmentation

    You can notice small circulars and brown spots, mostly in the lower limbs. They are not symmetrical, and there is no specific treatment for them. 

  • Acanthosis Nigricans

    Hyperpigmentation is often found in areas like the neck, underarms, and groin and is related to insulin imbalance. Once the balance is restored, you can notice how the pigmentation will improve; this condition can be treated with topical products. 

  • Increased chances of skin infections

    Infections tend to be recidivant, with a poor response to treatments, especially in non-controlled diabetic patients. Most of the time, these infections are caused by fungus and bacteria. 

Also read: How Menopause Affects Your Hair and Skin

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Dr. AngelicaAbout the Author: Dr. Angelica Parra is a Licensed Medical Doctor from Venezuela and is currently taking a Master’s degree in Dermatology.  She specialized in Aesthetic Medicine and completed Advanced Training in Non-surgical Facial Rejuvenation in Miami, Florida. She has specialized in applying Botox, dermal fillers, skin tightening treatments, and since then, she has worked on cruise ships as an Aesthetic Doctor.

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