Skin infections are caused by a wide variety of microorganisms, and symptoms can vary from mild to serious. Mild infections may be treatable with over-the-counter medications and home remedies, whereas other infections may require medical attention.
To find out more about skin infections and how to treat them, continue reading.
What are the types of skin infections?
Bacterial skin infections:
Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Some bacterial infections are mild and easily treated with topical antibiotics, but other infections require an oral antibiotic. This occurs when bacteria enter the body through a break in the skin, such as a cut or a scratch.
Viral skin infections:
Viral skin infections are caused by a virus. These infections range from mild to severe. The most common viruses come from one of three groups of viruses: poxvirus, human papillomavirus, and herpes virus.
Fungal skin infections:
These types of skin infections are caused by a fungus and are most likely to develop in damp areas of the body, such as the feet or armpit. Some fungal infections aren’t contagious, and these infections are typically non-life-threatening.
Fungi often grow in warm, moist environments. Wearing sweaty or wet clothes is a risk factor for skin infections. A break or cut in the skin may allow bacteria to get into the deeper layers of the skin.
How to treat skin infection?
Treatment depends on the cause of the infection and the severity. Bacterial infections are often treated with topical antibiotics or with oral antibiotics. If the strain of bacteria is resistant to treatment, treating the infection may require intravenous antibiotics administered in the hospital.
Home care may include the following:
- Apply cold compresses to your skin several times a day to reduce itching and inflammation.
- Take over-the-counter antihistamines to decrease itching.
- Use topical creams and ointment to reduce itching and discomfort.
About the Author: Dr. Donika Vata is a medical doctor from Ferizaj, Kosovo. She studied general medicine from University of Hasan Prishtina.
Dr. Vata has been writing about medical and skincare related issue in journals, social media websites, and books. She was working for some well reputed clinics such as Telehealth Pro- Online consultations, German Cancer Center, and AppLMD. Dr. Donika was also volunteering in the Covid-19 pandemic.
Currently, she is working as a medical doctor and researcher in a dermatology clinic.