Ephelides and lentigines known as freckles are pigmentation on the skin, which are mostly examined in Caucasians and Asians.
Though together kinds of pigment marks are smooth areas of the skin, they fluctuate considerably in growth and structure.
Ephelides are normally minor, pigmented spots (mostly 1–2 mm, but can be bigger), pink to light brown in shade, detected in fair-skinned individuals that primarily exists at the period of 2–3 yrs, but then occur throughout puberty and fade away by time.
They are most often noticed on the face, arms, neck, and chest and become more pigmented during summer.
Lentigines are bigger than ephelides, ranging in size from millimeters to centimeters in diameter, and their color can be dark brown. They are more common after the age of 50 on chronic sun-exposed skin mostly on the face, dorsum of the hands and anterolateral parts of the forearm. Their pigmentation is not affected by the seasons.
In Asia, freckles are judged as cosmetic deformities that need to be eliminated, while in Western culture, freckles are considered fashionable and are rarely removed.
Treatment options for solar lentigines, and ephelides include the use of topical agents, chemical peels, cryotherapy, or laser therapy.
The main causes of lentigines and ephelides are chronic sun exposure or genetic disease
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About the Author: Dr. Iqra Mubashar is a registered Pharmacist originally from Lahore, Pakistan. She has earned her pharmacy degree from the University of veterinary and animal sciences, Lahore. She has completed her internship as a trainee from Children hospital, Lahore. She has completed her research work in clinical pharmacy and pharmaceutics. She has worked as a healthcare documentation head in Al-Qasim enterprises, Islamabad. She has specialized in prescription handling, drugs information, literature research, patient counseling, and pharmaceutical care planning. Her research work on coronavirus is under publication.