Baby skin is different from adult skin in several basic ways. Baby skin is frequently characterized as fragile, tender, and sensitive. The skin of infants is not fully developed until the baby is 6 months old. Let’s look at newborn skin characteristics:
- Structural difference
Newborn’s skin is structurally different from adults. Their epidermis is thinner, cells are smaller, and fibers of collagen are thinner. That’s why bacteria can easily damage the immature barrier of an infant’s skin.
- The pH level close to neutral
The pH of newborn skin is close to neutral but with time it changes to acidic, which helps to protect the fragile infant skin.
- Higher rate of trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL)
Babies’ skin has a higher rate of TEWL. Their skin can absorb more water than an adult’s skin but at the same time, they lose water much faster. These differences make the infant’s skin more inclined to dryness, developing irritations, and allergies.
- Infants skin contains fewer moisturizing factors, lipids, and less melanin.
Because of these differences, infants skin is more vulnerable to environmental influences than adult skin, and parents should properly take care of the skin of their baby, otherwise, it becomes easily susceptible to dryness, and different skin-related illnesses such as eczema, nappy dermatitis, or even infections.
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