As much as you hate that unwanted shine, oily skin has one benefit. Yes, you read that right! Believe it or not, but most skincare experts agree that skin that’s oily or a combination type, ages slowly as compared to skin that’s dry. That’s because the oil (sebum) produced by your oil (sebaceous) glands serves to keep your skin lubricated, nourished, and moisturized, preventing fine lines and wrinkles. If this made your day, read on to know about skincare tips for oily skin.
What Makes Skin Oily?
As mentioned, your sebaceous glands produce sebum to keep your skin soft and moisturized. When too much sebum is produced, your skin appears oily and it can also lead to acne flare-ups. Hormones and genetics are the main factors to blame for oily skin. Fluctuating hormones result in increased androgen – the male hormone that signals the maturation of sebaceous glands. As sebaceous glands mature, sebum production increases, and the higher the androgens present in the body, the more sebum is funnelled through the pores. This sebum sits on the surface of the skin making it oily. When excess oil gets trapped in the pores and combines with dead skin cells and bacteria, it gives rise to pimples and blackheads.
Oily skin can be hereditary and over-washing your face isn’t the solution. In fact, over-washing or scrubbing too hard will strip your skin of moisture, causing sebaceous glands to produce more oil. Humidity and hot weather, certain medications, diet, and cosmetics can affect sebum production too.
Tip: Oily skin has many factors to blame, but the solution lies deeper than just scrubbing off the oil.
What Skincare Routine Should I Follow For Oily Skin?
Cleansing your face twice daily – once in the morning and once in the evening is a must. You might be tempted to use a cleansing facewash during the day if you have excessively oily skin, but refrain from doing so; you don’t want to strip your skin of natural oils. If you must do something about the shine, simply wash your face with water and blot dry using a soft cloth or tissue.
Wash with a soap that is gentle, preferably a glycerin one. Choose oil-free cleansers and consider using one that contains salicylic acid. Check the ingredients list and go for two per cent salicylic acid to break down oil without drying out your skin. You might want to choose a cleanser that contains plant-based ingredients over a chemical-laden one.
Follow up with toner
Toners serve to control excess oil, shrink the appearance of skin pores, and restore the skin’s pH balance, which in turn keeps the skin moisturized while keeping germs at bay. Toners are water-based and comprise of astringents that hydrate and soothe skin. Some toners include alcohol too; note that these can be over-drying and can irritate sensitive skin, so if you’re looking for a mild toner, go for a non-alcohol one.
Using both cleanser and toner on sensitive skin can have a negative impact. Always remember to use products that suit your skin type. Bear in mind that products containing plant extracts are touted as beneficial, but they might irritate skin. Understand your skin and buy what you need, not what’s advertised to be the best.
Don’t think you don’t need moisturiser just because you have oily or combination skin – the key to healthy skin that looks hydrated, not shiny, is in choosing the right moisturiser. Moisturizers are formulated with humectants, occlusives, and emollients – humectants attract moisture from the deeper skin layers to the outermost layer and also draw in moisture from the air to keep skin hydrated, occlusives create a physical barrier on your skin to keep moisture locked in, and emollients are fats that help repair skin.